The Easter Rising was an uprising in Ireland that lasted from April 24th until April 30th 1916. The uprising consisted of men and women from different groups across Ireland including: nationalist militia Irish Volunteers, the socialist trade union group Irish Citizen Army and the women’s group Cumman na mBan. The uprising was planned in secret by seven men from the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood). They were, Tom Clarke, Sean McDermott, Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh, Joseph Plunkett, James Connolly and Eamon Ceannt. They proclaimed an Irish Republic and on Easter Monday nationalists seized the General Post Office. Patrick Pearse one of the leaders distributed copies of the Irish proclamation and plastered them on the doors of the Post Office.
“We declare the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland and to the unfettered control of Irish destinies, to be sovereign and indefeasible”
The British reacted by deploying over 16,000 troops, artillery and naval gunboat to suppress the uprising. About 450 people were killed and over 2,000 wounded. Their headquarters were stormed and they were forced to surrender on Saturday, 29th April 1916. Sixteen of the leaders were executed, over 3,000 people were arrested and over 1,400 imprisoned. The uprising was not supported by the public and was condemned by the Irish Parliamentary Party; public opinion did begin to change once the news of the executions were known. The uprising a long with the factors such the continued postponement of home rule and the First World War helped pave the way towards the start of the Irish War of Independence.